To improve a more turbulent geopolitical landscape, the EU doubled its efforts in climate diplomacy and political cooperation with major emitters outside Europe in 2017 to promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement. This led to the establishment of the SPIPA programme to mobilise European know-how for peer learning. The programme builds on and complements climate policy dialogues and cooperation with the main EU economies. For the first time, all Member States that have ratified the agreement are required, without exception, to make a national contribution (NSP) and to submit regular reports under a new transparency mechanism. The adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015 opened a new chapter for international cooperation in the field of climate change in the field of global novelty 4. All Member States are bound by the agreement under international law. In addition to measures to reduce emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change, the agreement also covers climate finance, technology transfer, capacity building at individual, organisational and social levels, as well as transparency mechanisms. By encouraging exchanges and cooperation between national and sub-national administrations, businesses, academia and civil society stakeholders, the SPIPA programme has encouraged and encouraged major economies in the EU and non-European countries to make progress towards achieving the objectives of the Paris Agreement by leveraging international economic and political relations in order to accelerate joint action for implementation. integral. Another objective is to explore synergies with other established and emerging local climate initiatives and to examine support agreements and future partnerships with all governments and other groups. . . .