At the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference, the Durban Platform (and the ad hoc working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) were created to negotiate a legal instrument to mitigate climate change from 2020. The resulting agreement is expected to be adopted in 2015.  As we raked this pioneering agreement, we look forward to continuing to play a leading role in the fight against climate change and to ensure that the UK economy continues to play a key role in this new low-carbon global economy. It will benefit the UK as we implement our industrial strategy to create the economy that works for everyone. The level of the NDC set by each country will determine the objectives of that country. However, the «contributions» themselves are not binding under international law because of the lack of specificity, normative nature or language necessary to establish binding standards.  In addition, there will be no mechanism to compel a country to set a target in its NDC on a specified date and not for an application if a defined target is not achieved in an NDC.   There will be only a «Name and Shame» system  or as UN Deputy Secretary General for Climate Change, J. Pésztor, CBS News (US), a «Name and Encouragement» plan.  Since the agreement has no consequences if countries do not live up to their commitments, such a consensus is fragile. A cattle of nations withdrawing from the agreement could trigger the withdrawal of other governments and lead to the total collapse of the agreement.
 We look at what this means and why this historic agreement is so important. This is a climate change agreement reached by nearly 200 countries in December 2015 and came into force on 4 November 2016. The agreement obliges the world`s heads of state and government to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius, considered by scientists to be a safe threshold, and to pursue a stricter target of 1.5 degrees Celsius. The co2 emission limits presented by countries in the Paris framework are not legally binding, but the framework of the agreement, which provides for a mechanism for periodic scarcity of these commitments, is binding. The agreement also pursues a long-term goal for zero net emissions, which would effectively eliminate fossil fuels. Jill Duggan, Director of The Prince of Wales` Corporate Leaders Group (CLG), said: «The UK government`s ratification of the agreement today sends an important signal to international allies, businesses and investors about the inevitable transition to a zero-carbon economy.» Implementation of the agreement by all Member States will be evaluated every five years, with the first evaluation in 2023. The result will be used as an input for new national contributions from Member States.  The inventory will not be national contributions/achievements, but a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done.