Political parties seeking to form a new cabinet must first agree on a draft coalition agreement negotiated by the group chairs under the direction of one or more informants, and then submit for advice to political groups representing coalition parties in the Chamber of Deputies. The more comments, the more likely it is that further negotiations between coalition partners will be necessary. There may be talk, for example, of political groups not finding enough objectives in the coalition agreement. In such a case, the training may still fail. Employers` organisations have strongly criticised the electoral programmes of the Social Democrats and the Greens. In a commentary on the red-green coalition agreement, the Federal Federation of German Employers` Federations (BDA) described the new government programme as a regression that can damage Germany`s competitiveness and therefore cannot create new jobs. In particular, the BDA criticised the proposed reintroduction of 100% of sick pay and bad weather benefits, as well as the strengthening of protection against redundancy, which will result in a significant increase in labour costs. In addition, the BDA expressed its strong rejection of the government`s plan to reform taxation and social security, which could lead to an increase in financial burdens for businesses. Finally, the BDA rejected the unions` proposals for a collective agreement to compensate for pre-retirement pension losses as unenforceable and too costly. Instead, employers are proposing a part-time occupational pension scheme, similar to the one agreed in the chemical industry (DE9805265N).
In addition, the new government announces a modernization of the Law on the Constitution of Companies and an extension of collective agreements. Finally, the government intends to guarantee and develop «qualified participation» in Europe through European Works Councils and the status of European society. The election of the new red-green government will naturally have an impact on the development of German industrial relations. In the short term, the new government will repeal some of the legislative initiatives of the former Conservative and Liberal coalition that were introduced in favour of employers against union opposition. From a trade union point of view, these measures have great symbolic value, as they seem to show a real change in German policy. For more information, visit the Coalition`s LinkedIn page. The Danish system of government is a parliamentary democracy. The Danish Parliament is called folketing and it has a multi-party structure. Since no party has a sufficient 179 votes to govern alone, several parties are negotiating goals to form a multi-party coalition. In the federal elections of 27 September 1998, the votes of the former governing coalition, composed of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), its Bavarian Ercounion party (CSU) and the Free Democratic Party (FDP), fell markedly. After 16 years in power, the conservative and liberal government coalition was replaced by a new «red-green coalition» composed of the spd and alliance 90/The Greens, which won a majority of 21 seats in the Bundestag (DE9810280N).